Which of the following best describes the pattern of immigration into Britain’s North American colonies during the years 1620 to 1770?
Select an Answer
Largely English in the seventeenth century, non-English in the eighteenth century
Chiefly of English origin during the whole period
Largely non-English in the seventeenth century, English in the eighteenth century
Predominantly from southern and eastern Europe, especially after 1700
Predominantly from Asia, Africa and Spanish America especially after 1650
Between 1620 and 1700, immigrants to Britain’s North American colonies came overwhelmingly from England; it has been estimated that the ancestry of the British North American colonial population was 80 percent English and Welsh in 1700. Between 1700 and 1770, however, this changed as the population became far more diverse. In the eighteenth century, non-English peoples such as Africans, Germans, Scots, Scots-Irish, Irish and Dutch came to the British North American colonies in large numbers, as a whole exceeding the number of English immigrants. In other words, immigrants to British North America in the seventeenth century were mostly English, while immigrants in the eighteenth century were mostly non-English.