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Subject Test U.S. History

Question 7 of 29

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SAT Subject Test

The chief reason given by Woodrow Wilson for requesting a declaration of war against Germany in 1917 was the

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refusal of Germany to accept the Fourteen Points as a basis for peace negotiations

Correct Answer: 
No

need to establish a League of Nations after the war

Correct Answer: 
No

resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare by Germany

Correct Answer: 
Yes

economic rivalry between the United States and Germany

Correct Answer: 
No

cultural ties between the United States and England

Correct Answer: 
No

Several factors drew the United States into the war, but Wilson's declaration was made in response to Germany's decision to resume unrestricted U-boat attacks. Earlier unrestricted U-boat attacks (such as on the liner Lusitania) had resulted in United States casualties, and the threat of more attacks was cited by Wilson as the central reason to declare war against Germany.

Wilson did not put forth the Fourteen Points declaration until 1918 as a part of his proposal for a postwar settlement. The League of Nations was created at the Versailles peace conference in 1919, and was not pronounced in 1917 as a central reason to enter the war. While economic concerns did enter into the debates over whether the United States should formally enter the war, economic rivalry between the United States and Germany was not given by Wilson as the main justification for declaring war. Similarly, cultural ties with England did influence the debate, but were not cited by Wilson as a central justification.

Question Difficulty: 
medium