Which of the following was true of Black soldiers in the United States Army during the First World War?
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Black soldiers and White soldiers served in fully integrated units.
Black soldiers served in segregated units often commanded by White officers.
Black Americans were drafted into the armed forces but were not allowed to enlist.
Black Americans were not allowed in the armed forces, but were encouraged to take factory jobs in war industries.
Because some Black leaders opposed the war, the government placed Black soldiers only in noncombat positions.
Virtually all Black soldiers in the United States Army during the First World War served in segregated units, but they were often commanded by White officers. Black Americans were allowed to enlist in the armed forces, but Black and White soldiers did not serve in fully integrated units until after the Second World War. Many (but not all) Black units were kept out of combat, but this was due to racist assumptions about their inability to fight, and not to fears that they were influenced by some Black leaders' opposition to the war. In fact, one Black unit, New York's 369th Regiment, saw combat in the trenches longer than any other United States unit.