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Subject Test World History

Question 2 of 22

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SAT Subject Test

The rapid colonization of Africa by the European powers after 1880 was motivated primarily by

Select an Answer

the demand for slaves to cultivate New World cotton and sugar

Correct Answer: 
No

the desire for new markets, raw materials, and strategic advantage

Correct Answer: 
Yes

the need to tap the hydroelectric potential of the African rivers

Correct Answer: 
No

the heavy demand for African workers in European factories

Correct Answer: 
No

heightened interest by Europeans in tourism and big-game hunting

Correct Answer: 
No

You need to remember why Europeans chose to colonize Africa at this particular time. In the late 1880's European countries became more nationalistic and more economically competitive. European leaders laid down the ground rules for "carving up" Africa at the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885; Europeans then established political and economic control over most of the African continent. Note that the question asks for the primary reason. So, while it is true, as (E) says, that Europeans became more interested in big game hunting, this was a minor motivation for African colonization in comparison to (B).

Question Difficulty: 
easy