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Subject Test World History

Question 20 of 22

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SAT Subject Test

Illustration of a map showing Europe, North Africa, the Arabian peninsula, the Black Sea, Caspian sea, and Southwest Asia, the number 1 is on the far right side of the map, the number 2 sits at the tip of the north end of the Persian Gulf, the number 3 is

In the map above, the numbered dots correspond to cities. In the eighth century, which cities were near the east-west limits of the Islamic world?

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1 and 7

Correct Answer: 
No

1 and 9

Correct Answer: 
Yes

2 and 6

Correct Answer: 
No

2 and 8

Correct Answer: 
No

5 and 7

Correct Answer: 
No

After the death of Muhammad in 632 C.E., the early Islamic state continued to expand under the first four Caliphs (the Rashidun caliphs, 632–661 C.E.) and the Umayyad Caliphate (661–750 C.E.). By 750 C.E., the world of Islam stretched from east to west from Khurasan — the easternmost province of the former Persian Sassanid empire — in central Asia (represented on the map by numbered dot 1, indicating the location of the city of Merv, in present-day Turkmenistan), to the Atlantic seaboard of North Africa (represented on the map by numbered dot 9, indicating the location of the city of Casablanca, in present-day Morocco). The correct answer is therefore (B), 1 and 9.

Question Difficulty: 
hard