The ancient Chinese symbol of the universe shown above represented
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the theory that everything consists of opposite but complementary elements
the Zen concept of unity in artistic expression
Buddha’s vision of the perfect shape
a dualism in which everything is in conflict, and nothing can be resolved
the moral principles of Confucius
The taiji or yin-and-yang symbol shown represents an important principle in Daoism and in East Asian thought in general. It is a visual representation of the idea that the universe achieves harmony through the interplay of and balance between the two complementary forces or principles of yin (the passive principle symbolizing earth and the female) and yang (the active principle symbolizing heaven or the sky and the male).