The French Subject Test is a great way to highlight your knowledge of written French and demonstrate your interest in the French language on your college applications. Plus, a strong score could help you fulfill basic language competency requirements or place out of introductory-level French courses.
Offered in August, October, December, May, and June.
Scoring, Timing, Number of Questions
|200–800||60||85 (Multiple Choice)|
Getting Ready for the Test
- Knowledge of words representing different parts of speech and some basic idioms within culturally appropriate contexts.
- Ability to select an appropriate word or expression that is grammatically correct within a sentence. One part of the test contains vocabulary and structure questions embedded in longer paragraphs.
- Understanding of such points as the main and supporting ideas, themes, and setting of a passage. Selections are drawn from fiction, essays, historical works, newspaper and magazine articles, and everyday materials such as advertisements, timetables, forms, and tickets.
- 3–4 years of study in high school or the equivalent, or two years of strong preparation
- Gradual development of competence in French over a period of years
- Review of sample listening questions using a practice CD that your counselor can order from the College Board
|Content||Approximate % of Test|
|Vocabulary in context||30%|
Download the SAT Subject Tests Student Guide (.pdf/6.3MB) for more information on the topics.
Practice online for free:
Download for free:
- The SAT Subject Tests Student Guide (.pdf/6.3MB) contains information on all 20 SAT Subject Tests, official sample questions, test-taking tips and approaches and more.
- Answer Explanations to the French Practice Questions (.pdf/317KB)
Buy at the bookstore:
The Official Study Guide for All SAT Subject Tests, Second Edition
Get the only study guide available for all 20 SAT Subject Tests.
- 20 full-length, previously administered Subject Tests
- Detailed answer explanations for all test questions
- The most up-to-date tips and approaches on selecting which tests to take, the best time to take the tests, and how to best be ready for test day
- The latest versions of the instructions, background questions, and answer sheet
- Detailed descriptions of every Subject Test, including topics covered and recommended course work
- Two audio CDs for all six Language with Listening Tests
Taking Language with Listening Tests?
Language with Listening tests are offered in November. After 2020, tests are offered in May.
- November 2019
- November 2020 (U.S., Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands only)
- May 2021
Additional Things to Know
When should I take the French test?
There are a few factors to consider as you decide when to take the test. You should have at least two years of strong preparation in the language, but the more the better.
It's recommended that you take the French test as close to the end of the most advanced French class that you plan to take, while still balancing college admission and placement requirements. You're likely not to do as well if you take the test after you haven't been in a French class for several months.
- For seniors studying French: If French is a strong subject for you, be sure it's one of the SAT Subject Tests you take in time for colleges to see your score. If you're only taking it for placement purposes, and not as part of your application, wait until you're as far along in your course as possible. If you want to take the French with Listening test, check the test schedule to see when it's offered (and don't forget to bring a portable CD player with earphones).
What's the difference between the French test and the French with Listening test?
The French test includes reading only—you read in French and answer multiple-choice questions. The French with Listening test also includes a listening portion—you listen in French and answer multiple-choice questions. Although students report feeling more anxious about the listening portion, they also tend to do better on that part of the test. Plus, many colleges indicate the French with Listening test gives them a fuller picture of your ability and may be more useful for placement purposes.
Which French is used on the French test?
The language used on the test is taken from pieces written and dialogue spoken by those who use French in their everyday lives. Words or sayings specific to certain geographical areas (e.g., Quebec or France) will not be included in the test. If you've had at least two years of strong preparation in the language, then you should be able to understand the French on the test.
I am familiar with French but have not taken a class in school. Can I still take the French test?
No matter how you acquired your knowledge of French, it's important to show colleges what you know. Bilingual (or multilingual) abilities are achievements that deserve to be highlighted. Your test will be scored the same way as that of someone who learned French only in the classroom. If you've been exposed to a lot of spoken French, then you should definitely consider taking the French with Listening test.
If you will be using these results to fulfill a college admission requirement, you should be aware that different colleges have different policies with regards to Subject Tests in foreign languages. You should check with the colleges that you're interested in regarding their policies and seek guidance from your counselor or teacher on your specific situation.
Please note that this test reflects what is commonly taught in high school. Due to differences in high school classes, it's likely that most students will find questions on topics they're not familiar with. This is nothing to worry about. You do not have to get every question correct to receive the highest score (800) for the test. Many students do well despite not having studied every topic covered.