The multiple choice questions have five answer choices — one (and only one) is correct in each case.
In animals, ritualized contests with little risk of serious injury or death to participants within the species lead to
Select an Answer
a stable dominance hierarchy
a broader habitat
The correct answer is a stable dominance hierarchy, (A). Ritualized combat, such as that found in many wild animal populations, leads to a stable hierarchy; generally one individual is acknowledged to be dominant, and true combat is avoided. This benefits both the winner and the loser, as neither faces death or serious injury in a mock battle.