Score Structure

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With input from your institutional research team, scores on the SAT can provide deep insight into student readiness. The robust data include two cross-test scores and seven subscores that show how students tested in specific skill and knowledge areas.

Score Summary

The table below summarizes the scores reported on the SAT. They include:

  • One composite score
  • Two section scores
  • Three test scores (plus additional SAT Essay scores)
  • Two cross-test scores
  • Seven subscores


A graphic shows how the total score of the redesigned SAT will range from 400-1600. Below that, two section scores are provided for Evidence-Based Reading and Writing and Math, each ranging from 200-800. Two cross-test scores provide additional insight in Analysis in Science and Analysis in History/Social Studies. They each range from 10-40. Test scores for Reading, Writing and Language, and Math range from 10-40, with the Reading and Writing and Language tests together comprising the Evidence-Based Reading and Writing section. The graphic illustrates that the Reading and Writing and Language Tests will contribute questions to two subscores: (1) Command of Evidence; and (2) Words in Context. The Writing and Language Test will also report two additional subscores: (1) Expression of Ideas; and (2) Standard English Conventions. The Math Test will report three subscores: (1) Heart of Algebra; (2) Problem Solving and Data Analysis; and (3) Passport to Advanced Mathematics. These subscores will all be reported on a 1–15 scale. It is noted that all cross-test scores and subscores are subject to research.

If you haven’t already, examine your student information systems to capture the range and richness of new scores.

The SAT Essay

The SAT Essay is scored using a three-part rubric detailing criteria in reading, analysis, and writing. It is an optional part of the SAT, and scores will be reported separately; these scores do not factor into the total SAT score.